City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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what is the difference between effect and influence?
asked Mar 14, 2019 in Questions about English Grammar by 117070300204hcl (250 points) | 261 views

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1、作名词时,influence和effect都有影响的意思,但influence多指潜移默化的影响,类似"近朱者赤"这种.effect则多指事物变化产生的后果.有时间因果的先后,有结果,效果,效力的意思。
The influence of climate on crops are self-evident.
气候对农作物的影响是不证自明的。(这是潜移默化的影响)
This had a great effect upon the future of both mother and son.
这对母子俩的将来影响很大。(这是事物变化产生的后果)
2、作动词时,意思差别很大
influence vt.影响,感化;左右
I don't want to influence you. You must decide for yourself.
我不想影响你。你必须自行决定。
effect及物动词 vt.
1.造成;产生;招致
Rose tried to effect a reconciliation.
罗丝试图进行调解。
2.实现,达到(目的)
He effected several important changes

answered Mar 15, 2019 by 118030200320cyf (1,020 points)
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effect有时虽用作动词(及物),但不表示“影响”,而表示“实现”或“产生”等。influence表示“影响”,主要指对行为、性格、观点等产生间接的或潜移默化的影响。可用作动词(及物)或名词(通常不可数,但有时可连用不定冠词)。

answered Mar 15, 2019 by 118010100301lzh (510 points)
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In scientific researches, we use the word "influence" or "effect". Is there a difference between the two words. Can we use them interchangeably?
answered Mar 15, 2019 by 118030300422wx (140 points)
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effect是动词,influence既可以做名词也可以作动词
answered Mar 15, 2019 by 116070100421jxs (350 points)

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