City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
+1 vote
關係子句中的介系詞應該放在哪個位置?
asked Nov 27, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)
edited Dec 4, 2017 by admin

1 Answer

0 votes

關係代名詞可以搭配適當的介系詞,用來代替疑問副詞。相較於疑問副詞,介係詞搭配關係代名詞可以更明確的標示關係子句與先行詞的關係:

I went to the park where I found the stray dog. → I went to a park in which I found the stray dog.

I remember the day when I met him for the first time. → I remember the day on which I met him for the first time.

「介系詞+關係代名詞用法」的關係代名詞為介系詞的受詞,所以不可以省略。

在問句中,介系詞通常會擺在關係子句結尾。不過在較正式的用法中,介系詞也可以擺在關係代名詞前方:

Which street does he live in? → In which street does he live?

Which organization does he work for? → For which organization does he work?

這項原則同樣適用於直述句:

This is the room (which/ that) he was murdered in. → This is the room in which he was murdered.

當介系詞擺在關係子句結尾時,我們可以用 that 替代 who 或 which,或是直接省略關係代名詞。 

不過當介系詞擺在關係代名詞前面時,因為關係代名詞為介系詞的受詞,我們不可以用 that 替代 who 或 which,用 who 代替 whom,或是直接省略關係代名詞。

answered Nov 30, 2017 by admin (23,690 points)
767 questions
995 answers
2 comments
5,466 users