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Making Sense of Grammar
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何謂使役動詞(Make verbs)?
asked Dec 5, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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使役動詞之基本語意為完全操控。 

使役動詞,顧名思義,就是要「完全掌控」,其後的結果是完全被操控而立即產生的,缺乏自主性,因此要用動詞「原形」表「立即動作」;或接形容詞補語,表「立即變化」。 使役動詞後面需要清楚標示「受操控者」及「操控結果」,才能形成完整的語意:

make + 立即動作 

I made him cry. 

I made him feel bad. 

make + 立刻變化 

I made it flat. 

I made it difficult. 

前已說明 make 的結果補語必須是原形動詞,表示兩件事之間有著緊密的一體關係。若補語是形容詞,則必須是可被操弄、可改變的結果狀態。

answered Dec 5, 2017 by admin (23,690 points)
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