City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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何謂享受感謝動詞(Verb of appreciation)?
asked Dec 5, 2017 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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Enjoy 和 appreciate 這兩個動詞屬於享受感謝動詞,其語意為表達對行動的感受。可以 enjoy 和 appreciate 的事件必然真實發生了,所以這類動詞的語意要求後面接的必須是事件名詞(event nominal),以 V-ing 的形式表示,才符合語意要求:

I enjoy reading the book.

I appreciate your bailing me out.

值得注意的是,enjoy 和 appreciate 的對象是「事」不是「人」:

不能說 I appreciate you. → 要說 I appreciate it.

不能說 I enjoy you. → 要說 I enjoy your company.

這是中國人常犯的錯誤,因為誤把 appreciate 當作 thank 來用,這兩者的對象完全不同,我們會 thank「人」,appreciate 「事」或「物」:

I thank you for coming here.

I appreciate your coming here.

Your coming here is appreciated.

answered Dec 5, 2017 by admin (23,690 points)
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