City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Mar 15 in Questions about English Grammar by 118030300306lzy (190 points)

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状语从句 (Adverbial Clause) 状语从句指句子用作状语时,起副词作用的句子。状语从句中的从句可以修饰谓语、非谓语动词、定语、状语或整个句子。根据其作用可分为时间、地点、原因、条件、目的、结果、让步、方式和比较等状语从句。状语从句一般由连词(从属连词)引导,也可以由词组引起。

一、时间状语从句

  • 常用引导词:when(在…时), as(当…时), while(在…期间), as soon as(一……就……), before(在…之前), after(在...之后), since(自从...以来) , not...until(直到…才)until/till(直到…时)等
  • 特殊引导词:the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day,the instant( 瞬间,顷刻), immediately , directly(不久,立即), no sooner … than(一...就...), hardly …when(刚一...就...) , scarcely … when(刚...就.../一...就...),as soon as(一…就…)。
  • 当用no sooner … than,hardly …when,scarcely … when作为引导词的时候,从句要部分倒装。

二、地点状语从句

常用引导词:where

特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere.

地点状语从句一般由连接副词where, wherever等引导,已经形成了固定的句型。

三、原因状语从句

常用引导词:because, since, as,

特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that.

四、目的状语从句

常用引导词:so that, in order that

特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose of , to the end that

注意,由for引导的是一个并列句,不是原因状语从句,但有表原因的意思,是并列连词。

五、结果状语从句

常用引导词:so … that, such … that, so that...

特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that.

六、条件状语从句

常用引导词:if, unless,whether(whether...or not)

特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, supposing that, in case(美语中表条件,英语中表目的), on condition that.

七、让步状语从句

常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though

特殊引导词: as(用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装),while ( 一般用在句首 ),no matter …, in spite of the fact that, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever

八、比较状语从句

常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较)

特殊引导词:the more … the more …(越来...越...) ; just as …, so…; A is to B what/as X is to Y; no … more than; not so much A as B,the 比较级 ,the 比较级。

九、方式状语从句

常用引导词:as, as if

特殊引导词:the way

十、状语从句的省略

状语从句同时具备下列两个条件:①主句和从句的主语一致,或从句主语为it;②从句主要动词是be的某种形式。从句中的主语和be动词常可省略。

answered Mar 25 by 118010300226dh (420 points)
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