City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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如何区别permit与allow的用法
asked Mar 15 in Questions about English Grammar by 117070100226zt (160 points)

2 Answers

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1.两者均可表示“允许”,其区别是permit 通常指上级、规则或法令等表示的准许,其语气较重;而 allow 通常指消极地不加反对,有时含有听任或默许之意,语气较轻.如:Nothing is permitted; everything is allowed.一切都没明文规定可以做,但一切做了也无妨.The nurse allowed him to remain there,though it was not permitted.护士让他留在那儿,而按规定那是不许可的.
2.从用法上看.两者后接动词作宾语时,均要用动名词形式,而不能用不定式.如:We don’t allow [permit] swimming in the pool.我们不许在池子里游泳.但是若其后接有名词或代词,那么其后须接不定式.如:We don’t allow [permit] children to swim in the pool.我们不许孩子们在池子里游泳.注意这类结构的被动式之后可用不定式(此时的不定式不是宾语,而是主语补语).如:正:We do not allow [permit] people to smoke here.正:People are not allowed [permitted] to smoke here.误:People are not allowed [permitted] smoking here.
answered Mar 19 by 118030200516ml (340 points)
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1. 两者均可表示“允许”,其区别是permit 通常指上级、规则或法令等表示的准许,其语气较重;而 allow 通常指消极地不加反对,有时含有听任或默许之意,语气较轻。如:The nurse allowed him to remain there,though it was not permitted. 护士让他留在那儿,而按规定那是不许可的。

2. 从用法上看. 两者后接动词作宾语时,均要用动名词形式,而不能用不定式。如:We don’t allow [permit] swimming in the pool. 我们不许在池子里游泳。

3.若其后接有名词或代词,那么其后须接不定式。如:We don’t allow [permit] children to swim in the pool. 我们不许孩子们在池子里游泳。注意这类结构的被动式之后可用不定式(此时的不定式不是宾语,而是主语补语)True:We do not allow [permit] people to smoke here. 或者 People are not allowed [permitted] to smoke here. False:People are not allowed [permitted] smoking here.

answered Mar 19 by 116060100127wjl (280 points)
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