City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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allwhole都有表示全部的意思,那两者的用法有何不同呢?

asked Mar 19 in Questions about English Grammar by 116060100127wjl (280 points)

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ALL/WHOLE
1.all与whole都有“整个 ”“全部的”之含义。一般来讲, all可以修饰各类名词, 且限定词要放在all之后。 而whole 只能修饰具有整体意义的单数名词, 且限定词要放在whole 之前。
(1) all the money/ all the time/ all the country/all the students/ all my life/ all my books
(2) a whole roast duck/ the whole class/the whole city/the whole nation/my whole life
2.一般来讲,whole 不能修饰 复数可数名词, 但是若复数可数名词前有具体的数量词时, 则可以用whole 。
(3) three whole days / all three days
3. all与whole都可以用来修饰专有名词,但是用whole修饰专有名词时,一定要带of 。
(3) the whole of China/ all China
(4) the whole of Chinese history/all Chinese history
4. all 独立使用时, 在句中,可以做主语宾语同位语。whole 独立使用时, 在句中可以做补语
(5) All are present.
(6) I have finished all today.
(7) They are all teachers.
(8) I like them all.
(9) The man ate an egg whole.
(10) Roast ducks are ducks that roasted whole.

answered Mar 22 by 118010100322hmy (320 points)
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有时这两个词大致同义,只是位置不同:all 要放在冠词、指示代词、物主代词等之前,而 whole 应放在这些词之后。
如:
all the family / the whole family 全家

2. 在复数名词前一般用 all,在单数可数名词前一般用 whole。
如:
All my friends are poor. 我所有的朋友都很穷。
The whole building was burning. 整座楼都在燃烧。

注意它们在意义上有差别:all 指一个不剩,即“全部”;whole 指一点不缺,即“整个”。

3. 在不可数名词之前一般用 all,而不用 whole (偶尔有例外:the whole time / all the time; his whole energy / all hisenergy 等),但在物质名词前则绝对不用 whole。
如:
误:the whole money 正:all the money 所有的钱
误:the whole food 正:all the food 所有的食物
误:the whole wine 正:all the wine 所有的酒

4. 在表地点的专有名词之前,一般用 all 而不用 whole,但可用the whole of。
如: all China / the whole of China 全中国 

answered Mar 22 by 118010100301lzh (510 points)
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