City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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When to use guo instead of le?

asked Mar 4 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (24,470 points)

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Guo is an aspect marker denoting experiential aspect, meaning that one has experienced an event, roughly equivalent to the English expression have Ved. For example, tā qù-guo rìběn means that s/he has been to Japan before and entails that s/he is not in Japan now. whereas tā qù-le rìběn (perfective aspect) illustrates his/her trip to Japan not as an experience but as an event and does not rule out the possibility that s/he is still in Japan.

answered Mar 4 by admin (24,470 points)
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