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Making Sense of Grammar
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移动构式(Caused Motion Construction)是什么?

asked Mar 4 in Questions about English Grammar by admin (25,240 points) | 146 views

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移动构式是英文的一种构式,结构为「主词+动词+受词+处所」,语意为「主词把受词移到处所」。例如,

        1. She put the ball on the table. (Goldberg, 1995, p. 152)

第一句代表「她」(主词)把「球」(受词)放「在桌上」(处所)。

用这个构式,不一定需要用跟放置或移动有关的动词,也可以表达移到某个位置的意思。

        2. Fred sneezed the napkin off the table. (Goldberg, 1995, p. 156)

第二句里的sneeze这个动词并没有放置或移动的意思,但以移动构式的语意能表达把餐巾移到桌子外面的意思。

answered Mar 4 by admin (25,240 points)

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913 questions
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5,513 users