City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Jul 20 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Mickey (7,400 points) | 64 views

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1. 即使 is used in hypothetical sentence and can be translated as “even” in English. Therefore, it is used in the event that haven’t happened.

    即(jí)使(shǐ)    明(míng)天(tiān)   下(xià)雨(yǔ),我(wǒ)们(men)   也(yě)    要(yào)   举(jǔ)办(bàn)   比(bǐ)赛(sài)。

        Even             tomorrow              rain,                  we                still      plan to          hold          competition.

    (Even it rains tomorrow, we will still hold the competition)

2. 虽然 and 尽管 are used in the event that already happened and can both be translated as “Although”.

虽(suī)然(rán)/尽(jǐn)管(guǎn) 今(jīn)天(tiān)   下(xià)雨(yǔ),我(wǒ)们(men)   仍(réng)然(rán)    举(jǔ)办(bàn)了(le)    比(bǐ)赛(sài)。

        Although                            today               rains,                   we                     still                       held                 competition

       (Although it rains today, we still held the competition)

3. The difference between 虽然 and 尽管 is that 尽管 contains the best or the worst situation and the attitude/emotion of the speaker is obvious.

尽管(jǐnguǎn)   你(nǐ)    付出(fùchū)了(le)   最多(zuìduō)    努力(nǔlì),但是(dànshì)    你(nǐ)  仍然(réngrán)    没有(méiyǒu)   达到(dádào)  标准(biāozhǔn)。

    Although      you             paid                   the most         effort,           (but)             you         still               didn’t              reach    

     criterion

虽然(suīrán)/尽管(jǐnguǎn)  你(nǐ)付出(fùchū)了(le)   很多(hěnduō)  努力(nǔlì),   但是(dànshì)    你(nǐ)  仍然(réngrán)    没有(méiyǒu)   达到(dádào)  标准(biāozhǔn)。

    Although      you              paid                    many             effort,            (but)             you         still               didn’t              reach 

    criterion

answered Jul 20 by Mickey (7,400 points)

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1,013 questions
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