When functioning as adverbs, yuè (越) and yù (愈) are often used repeatedly in the pattern of “yuè X yuè Y(越X越Y)” and “yù X yù Y(愈X愈Y)”, which translate to “the more X, the more Y”. The use of the pattern indicates that the degree of Y deepens with the change of the condition X. In contrast to yuè (越), yù (愈) is mostly used in written language. For example, yuè (越) and yù (愈) are not exchangeable in the Chinese idiom “měi kuàng yù xià (每况愈下)” (the situation becomes worse and worse). However, according to the corpus, yuè (越) is of high use frequency both in spoken language and writing language now.
zhè jiàn shì qíng wǒ yuè xiǎng yuè shēng qì.
The more I think about this matter, the angrier I get.
zhì liàng yù hǎo, jià gé yù gāo
The better the quality, the higher the price
Yuè (越) also is often employed in the pattern “yuè lái yuè X (越来越X)” to convey the meaning of “ to become increasingly X with time”. Yù (愈) is seldom used in this pattern.
xī wàng nǐ yuè lái yuè hǎo.
I wish you could be better and better with time.
Another difference between yuè (越) and yù (愈) is that when modifying disyllabic verbs and adjectives, yuè (越) could form disyllabic words yuè fā (越发) and yuè jiā (越加), while yù (愈) tends to comprise yù jiā (愈加) as the modifier of disyllabic words. The three lexical items still express the meaning of “ more and more” or “even more”.
shòu dào lǎo shī de biǎo yáng hòu, tā yuè jiā /yuè fā nǔ lì le.
After being praised by the teacher, he worked even harder.
yóu yú tā de gān rǎo, zhè jiàn shì qíng biàn de yù jiā fù zá le.
Because of his interference, the matter becomes more and more complicated.