City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Aug 14 in Questions about English Grammar by Mickey (7,400 points) | 42 views

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a) I suggest that you should leave soon. (+ modal Aux) →助动词should 表单纯的建议:

    我建议你应该尽快离开 (请你考虑)

b) I suggest that you leave soon (+ bare V) →用动词原形表示急迫性,不容考虑:

     我建议你尽快离开

→ (b) 更带有命令性和立即性

原因:

【suggest + Bare V】搭配中原型动词leave失去了动词的独立性,不能独立表示事件在时空中成为现实,完全依附于使役动词suggest,受到使役动词的控制。由于使役动词具有「命令」、「迫使」的语义,在时空概念上具有立即性,这为动词leave赋予了立即发生之意。

这类典型的使役动词还有make

我们不能说:  *What I said last month made him leave next week

但是可以说:   What I said last month caused him to leave next week.

answered Aug 14 by Mickey (7,400 points)

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993 questions
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13 comments
7,389 users