City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Aug 21 in Questions about English Grammar by Mickey (7,400 points) | 51 views

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“分词”是动词的一种形式,分为“现在分词”和“过去分词”。但是这样的名称很多时候会造成误解,因为分词与“现在”、“过去”没有必然联系,而是用来表达“主动”和“被动”。现在分词就是“主动分词”,过去分词就是“被动分词”。例如:

1)Helping my mom, I washed the dishes.

2) Helped by my mom, I washed the dishes.

例(1)的原型是“I helped my mom and I washed the dishes“. 例(2)的原型是”I was helped by my mom and I washes the dishes”.

注:完整的句子之所以能被简化为分词,重要的条件是要有相同的主词,分词的主语要和句子的主要子句的主语一致,例:

3)Taught by a good teacher, I made a huge progress.

当然,分词也可以把时态概念带入句子当中,例:

4)Being taught by a good teacher, I have made a huge progress this year.
answered Aug 25 by Mickey (7,400 points)

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1,003 questions
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13 comments
7,389 users