City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Oct 20 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (8,820 points)
edited Oct 20 by Ariel | 22 views

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flying machine 是动名词+名词,作为复合名词→N+N

→飞行器(专门术语)≠a machine that is flying

在上面的例子中,flying在功能上是动名词(动词作名词),因为machine不会飞(除了在Harry Potter小说中),所以flying machine通常不是指“在飞的机器”(沟通意涵不合常理),而是指一个专门的术语“飞行器”;这是两个名词组成的复合名词(N+N compound),结构和功能类似少数形式相当的复合名词:

N+N compound:

sewing machine缝衣机≠a machine that is sewing

driving range(golf range)高尔夫练习场≠a range that is driving

如果flying和其他可能会飞的名词合用,如a flying plane,a flying kite,a flying balloon,沟通意涵上较合理自然,就成为常见的现在分词做形容词,表示“正在飞”的东西:

a flying plane = a plane that is flying →在飞的飞机

a flying kite = a kite that is flying →在飞的风筝

a flying balloon = a balloon that is flying →在飞的气球

[1] 劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理!: 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Oct 20 by Ariel (8,820 points)

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