City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Oct 21, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (24,580 points) | 100 views

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虽然介系词大都具有空间的核心语义,但经由认知转化,就发展出非空间的语义。介系词片语本身是一种修饰语,和不同的名词合用,就形成不同的角色功能。例如,with本来是表达空间上同时存在的“相伴”关系,但也可延伸做更广的用法:

a man with long hair →拥有(长头发)

He wrote the letter with caution. →态度(小心翼翼)

I opened the can with a knife. →工具(用刀)

后两句的介系词片语是用来说明动作的态度或方式,等同于副词(修饰动词或形容词)的功能,也可改用对应的副词:

He wrote the letter cautiously. (= with caution)→小心翼翼的态度

He made the tool manually. (= with hands)→用手工的方式

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Oct 21, 2020 by Ariel (24,580 points)

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