City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Oct 29, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (28,250 points) | 495 views

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一句话可否有两种时态真正的含义是:一句话中可不可以描述两个时空不同的事件?当然可以!

I guess (that) his faith helped him face the challenge.

I think (that) his talents came from his mother’s side of the family.

这两句话都是说话当下的想法或认知状态,用I guess/I think,但想法的内容却是关于过去发生的事,所以补语子句中用过去式helped him/came from。

时间本身也标记语义,不同的时态,表达对事件“存在区段”的认定。

以下两句话,子句中不同的时态was/is表达出信念存在的阶段:

I thought English was difficult, but it is not. →过去的信念,现在不认为如此

I thought English is difficult and still do. →对事实的认定,一向认为如此

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Oct 29, 2020 by Ariel (28,250 points)

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1,332 questions
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8,470 users