City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Oct 29 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (8,820 points) | 24 views

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主要子句的主词是全句的“核心人物”,与主要动词搭配合作,也和句中的分词、不定词相关。特别是在分词构句出现时,主要主词也是分词的主词:

Volunteering at an animal shelter, Becky learned to protect animal rights.

→volunteering的主词是谁?

Being nurtured and protected, stray animals in the shelter learn to socialize with humans. →谁被nurtured and protected?

分词由动词而来,必然有相关的主词,分词的主词就是全句的“主角”,与主要主词连结。千万不要把“主要主词”和“分词主词”的关系搞错了而出现以下的错误:

Compared to human rights, we have paid little attention to animal rights. (×)

→谁被compared?不会是我们吧!

上句的说法,把we当成了比较的对象,但真正该与human rights 比较的是animal rights。使用分词compared时,要特别留意:比较的对象是谁?要让正确的主词“就位”,才能避免错误:

Compared to human rights, animal rights have been largely neglected.

主要主词的“主角”地位不容轻忽,千万要记得:主要主词就等于分词的头!

主要主词=分词主词

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Oct 29 by Ariel (8,820 points)
selected Oct 30 by Ariel

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1,013 questions
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7,389 users