City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 2, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 235 views

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主要动词负责描述主要动作并设定全句的“时间主轴”。这个时间主轴可以成为其他次要动词必须尽量“对齐”的参考时间。有人曾问:如果在过去说了一件未来想要做的事,到底是过去还是未来?要用什么时态?

关键就在“主要动词”的时间是否成为贯穿全句的“主轴时间”:

Matt told me that he would visit you next week. →向“主轴时间”对齐

Matt told me that he will visit you next week. →以“当下时间”为参考

转述的方式也是关键:

间接转述:

He said that he would do it if he had time. →向“过去”对齐

He said that he will do it if he finds time. →向“现在”对齐

直接引述:

He said:” I will do it if I feel like to.”→两句各自独立,时间也独立

如果主要动词是过去,时间主轴就可设定在“过去”,间接转述的话也可向“过去时段”对齐。若是直接引述(用引号),就不受主要动词的时间影响,只要“原音重现”就好了。

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 2, 2020 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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