City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 4, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points)
retagged Nov 4, 2020 by Ariel | 196 views

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关系子句是一种附属子句,是由关系代名词who、which、that所标示的形容词子句,在句子里扮演修饰名词的角色,对相关的名词加以限定、形容、解释、说明,补充关于名词的讯息:

I met an old friend [who has five children].

→who子句用来限定前面的friend→who是子句内的主词

I bought a smartphone [which my friend recommended ______].

→which子句用来限定前面的smartphone→which是子句内的受词

这样的关系子句有一个特色,就是子句都少了一个名词,这个“失踪”的名词由关系代名词来“代替”,本尊则指向前面的名词:

I met a friend. The friend has five children.

             ⬆_______⬆  

I met a friend [who has five children].

             ⬆____|

由于有一个“失踪人口”,关系子句和其他修饰名词的子句补语并不一样:

He told a story [that a frog turned into a prince].

→that子句用来说明前面的story,并非关系子句,因人物俱在

He was sad for the reason [that his girl friend left him].

→that子句用来说明前面的reason,并非关系子句,因人物齐全

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 4, 2020 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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