City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 5, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (32,510 points) | 155 views

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to的基本语义是空间位移的方向,go to / move to 表移动的“方向目标”。从空间转换到时间,移动方向就成为“未来目标”。若事件语义牵涉到“未来要做的事”,就必须用to-V来标记:

He plans to read the book. → 他计划要做的事(未来目标)

He decided to study English. → 他决定要做的事(未来目标)

He would like to master English. →他想望要达成的事(未来目标)

He urged me to leave right away. →他催促我要采取的行动(未来目标)

不定词的“形式”所传达的永远都是不定词的“语义”,藉由 to 的方向性,表达“要做的事”:to V 就是 to do something,永远表示投射于下一个时间的目标、心愿。

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 5, 2020 by Ariel (32,510 points)

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