City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 5, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (24,580 points) | 114 views

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基本上,that所带的子句是一个附属子句,表达时空明确、语义完整的一个独立事件:

The good news is [that technology can solve the problem]. 

I believe [that technology can solve the problem]. 

一般用that-子句补充说明动词所需的内容。“说、想”事件的语义上必须交代清楚“说了什么、想了什么”,因此动词后面须加上一个名词子句。这个子句是独立于主要子句之外的事件,内容可以天马行空,包含不同的时态及参与者:

→ I think / guess / remember [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday.]子句

→ He said / explained / claimed [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday. ]子句

→ I will tell my brother [that Jeremy Lin came to town yesterday. ]子句

上例中,思考沟通动词后都带一个that-子句,以补足思考沟通的内容。子句本身是个独立事件,其中的人、事、时、地可以和主要子句不同,也可以向主要时态对齐。主、从两个子句的事件虽是各自独立的,但语义上仍要考量彼此的搭配,时态上有互动性:

I found that he was a crook. → 感知上的共识发现 → 时间一致

I found out that he is crook.  → 认知上的后设理解 = realized → 时间独立

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 5, 2020 by Ariel (24,580 points)
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