City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 9, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (16,050 points) | 54 views

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名词补语的范围很广,“受词”是最常见的名词补语,补充说明动作的“受力对象”:

The cat chased       ?→ The cat chased the dog.

受力对象大多是具体的人或物,所以用名词。英文的受词是广义的名词补语:

John hit his classmate.

Mom cut her finger.

Tom broke the vase.

受词之外,名词补语也常出现在连接动词be的后面:

This is a good news.

The book is taken to be a best-seller.

这种名词补语,可作为“同位”修饰语,表达身份、地位或角色类型:

He was elected the president. → 他被选为校长

We considered him a hero. → 我们当他是英雄

“同位”的意思就是“位阶相同”,名词修饰语和所修饰的名词间彼此呼应,位阶相同。特别要提醒,同位修饰语和受词不同:受词是人物个体,同位修饰语则是一种身份关系,没有实体指涉,不代表具体人物:

He is a teacher. → 他是老师身份

I’m a student. → 我是学生身份

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 9, 2020 by Ariel (16,050 points)

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1,133 questions
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13 comments
7,389 users