City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 10, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (28,250 points) | 140 views

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当主要动词的语义牵涉到另一个动作,就需要以“动词”做为补语:

He wants / plans / hopes to           ?

→ He wants / plans / hopes to learn how to swim.

表示“想望、打算”的动词,语义必然牵涉到“想要做的事”,也就是动词性的补语。按照事件类型,动词性的补语有三种可能的呈现形式:原形base V、不定词 to-V、和进行式V-ing。这三种形式该用哪一种是由主要动词的语义决定。

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 10, 2020 by Ariel (28,250 points)

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