City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 10, 2020 in Questions about English Grammar by Ariel (24,580 points) | 121 views

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使役动词,顾名思义,就是要“完全掌控”,其后的结果是完全被操控而立即产生的,缺乏自主性,因此要用动词“原形”表“立即动作”;或接形容词补语,表“立即变化”。使役动词后面需要清楚标示“受操控者”及“操控结果”,才能形成完整的语义:

make+立即动作:

I made him cry.

I made him feel bad.

make+立即变化:

I made it flat.

I made it difficult for him to leave.

前已说明make的结果补语必须是原形动词,表示两件事之间有着紧密的一体关系。若补语是形容词,则必须是可被操弄、可改变的结果状态。

——劉美君. (2012). 英文文法有道理! 重新認識英文文法觀念. 聯經.

answered Nov 10, 2020 by Ariel (24,580 points)

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1,274 questions
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