City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Nov 18, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Mickey (7,400 points) | 18 views

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什(shén)么(me) means ‘what’ and 怎(zěn)么(me) means ‘how’.

When matching with verb, the syntactic structure of 什(shén)么(me) is ‘V+什么’ while the structure of 怎(zěn)么(me) is ‘怎么+V’. For example,

1)中午你吃什么?

Zhōngwǔ   nǐ   chī    shénme

Noon      you  eat    what

‘What do you eat at noon?’

2)螃蟹怎么吃?

Pángxiè    zěnme    chī

Crab       how to    eat

‘How to eat crab?’
answered Nov 18, 2020 by Mickey (7,400 points)

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1,073 questions
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13 comments
7,389 users