City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Dec 1, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 29 views

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When negating a BA structure, the negators méi(yǒu) ‘did not’, ‘have not’ (used in statements) and bié or bù yào ‘do not’ (used in imperatives) are always placed before BA in the sentence:

他没有把帽子戴上。

tā méi yǒu bǎ mào zǐ dài shàng 。

He didn’t put his hat on.

别把我的东西搞乱了。

bié bǎ wǒ de dōng xī gǎo luàn le 。

Don’t mess up my things.

The BA structure in a statement or question usually expresses an action which has already been realized, and the negator (as above) is likely to be méi(yǒu). However, bù may be used with it, where a condition is stated:

母亲对孩子说:你不把夹克穿上,别出去玩。

mǔ qīn duì hái zǐ shuō :nǐ bú bǎ jiá kè chuān shàng ,bié chū qù wán 。

Mother said to her child: ‘If you don’t put on your jacket, you mustn’t (lit. don’t) go out and play.’

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.

answered Dec 1, 2020 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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