City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Dec 8, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (17,790 points) | 11 views

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In Chinese, verbs such as 使 shǐ ‘cause’/‘make’ and 让 ràng ‘let/permit’ are used to form causative constructions, in which the object of the first verb (e.g. 使 shǐ or 让 ràng) becomes the subject of a second verb:

她让我休几天假。

Tā ràng wǒ xiū jǐ tiān jiǎ 。

(我 wǒ is the object of 让 ràng and the subject of 休假xiū jǐ)

She let me have a few days off.

“砰”的一声,使她吓了一跳。

“Pēng ”de yī shēng,shǐ tā xià le yī tiào。

(她 tā is the object of 使 shǐ and the subject of 吓 xià)

A crashing noise made her jump.

什么使你快乐,什么使你悲伤?

Shí me shǐ nǐ kuài lè,shí me shǐ nǐ bēi shāng?

What makes you happy, what makes you sad?

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Dec 8, 2020 by Ariel (17,790 points)

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1,162 questions
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