City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Dec 8, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 54 views

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Verbs indicating direction or incorporating direction markers followed by 了 le:

昨天来了两个朋友。

Zuó tiān lái le liǎng gè péng yǒu 。

Two friends came yesterday. (lit. Yesterday came two friends.)

家里走了三个客人。

Jiā lǐ zǒu le sān gè kè rén 。

Three visitors/guests left my house. (lit. House left three visitors/guests.)

空中飞来了一群鸟。

Kōng zhōng fēi lái le yī qún niǎo 。

A flock of birds came flying over. (lit. In the sky flew over a flock of birds.)

水面上游来了一只天鹅。

Shuǐ miàn shàng yóu lái le yī zhī tiān é 。

A swan came gliding over the water. (lit. On water came swimming a swan.)

上个星期搬走了两家人。

Shàng gè xīng qī bān zǒu le liǎng jiā rén 。

Two families moved away last week. (lit. Last week moved away two families.)

图书馆借走了一万册书。

Tú shū guǎn jiè zǒu le yī wàn cè shū 。

Ten thousand volumes have been borrowed from the library.

(lit. Library have been borrowed ten thousand volumes.)

树篱下钻出了一只松鼠来。

Shù lí xià zuàn chū le yī zhī sōng shǔ lái 。

A squirrel emerged from under the hedge. (lit. (From) under the hedge came/burrowed out a squirrel.)

广场上聚集了数千人。

Guǎng chǎng shàng jù jí le shù qiān rén 。

A few thousand people gathered at the square.

突然开来了一辆大坦克。

Tū rán kāi lái le yī liàng dà tǎn kè 。

Suddenly there came a big tank.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Dec 8, 2020 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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1,454 questions
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21 comments
13,155 users