City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Dec 15, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 476 views

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Sentences in Chinese may be divided into two basic categories: subject-predicate and topic-comment. Subject-predicate sentences are generally used for narrative purposes, whereas topic-comment sentences provide description or comment. The former essentially express an action, while the latter express a state:

他们昨天去钓鱼。

Tā men zuó tiān qù diào yú。

They went fishing yesterday.

(他们tā men subject, 去钓鱼qù diào yú predicate)

他们的爱好是钓鱼。

Tā men de ài hǎo shì diào yú。

Their hobby is fishing.

(他们的爱好tā men de ài hǎo topic, 是钓鱼shì diào yú comment)

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Dec 15, 2020 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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