In subject-predicate sentences, the subject may act as either initiator or recipient of an action:
(1) The subject as initiator:
Wǒ qù nián xué jià shǐ。
I took driving lessons last year.
Tā zài dǎ sǎo fáng jiān。
He is tidying the room.
Xiǎo hóng xiě le liǎng fēng xìn。
Xiao Hong wrote two letters.
Tā tiān tiān lā xiǎo tí qín。
She plays the violin every day.
(2) The subject as recipient:
When the subject is a recipient, verbs such as 受到 shòudào ‘be a beneficiary or target of’, 遭到 zāo dào ‘suffer from’, 得到 dédào ‘gain’, ‘be a winner of’, are used:
Xué shēng shòu dào lǎo shī de biǎo yáng。
The students were commended by the teacher. (lit. The students received the teacher’s praise.)
Tā jiā zāo dào dào qiè。
Her house was burgled. (lit. Her house suffered a burglary.)
Yùn dòng yuán dé dào yī qiān bàng jiǎng jīn。
The athlete received a prize of one thousand pounds.
Zhōng guó zāo dào tè dà hóng shuǐ。
China suffered a huge flood.
 Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.