City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
0 like 0 dislike
37 views
asked Dec 26, 2020 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (28,250 points) | 37 views

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike
conjunctions followed by conjunctives: 如果rú guǒ/要是yào shì…就jiù…,假使jiǎ shǐ/假如jiǎ rú/假若jiǎ ruò…就jiù…

如果/要是再不下雨,水库里的水就会干了。

Rú guǒ /yào shì zài bú xià yǔ ,shuǐ kù lǐ de shuǐ jiù huì gàn le 。

If it doesn’t rain any more the reservoir will dry up.

假使/假如/假若他五分钟内不来,我们就不等了。

Jiǎ shǐ /jiǎ rú /jiǎ ruò tā wǔ fèn zhōng nèi bú lái ,wǒ men jiù bú děng le 。

If he doesn’t turn up in five minutes, we won’t wait any longer.

Note that it is possible to form an ‘if . . . then . . .’ sentence without using a conjunction in the first clause, particularly in colloquial speech:

明天下雪,我们就不去爬山了。

Míng tiān xià xuě,wǒ men jiù bú qù pá shān le。

If it snows tomorrow, we won’t go hill-walking/climbing.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Dec 26, 2020 by Ariel (28,250 points)

1,332 questions

1,628 answers

14 comments

8,470 users

1,332 questions
1,628 answers
14 comments
8,470 users