City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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What is the difference between 我高興死了 and 高興死我了?

asked Jan 2, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,240 points)
edited Apr 25, 2018 by admin | 109 views

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‘死’ in both sentences are used as an excessive maker.

The form-function mapping construction of S1 is ‘NP [owner of emotion] V-SI LE’. ‘死’ marks the excessive degree OF the owner of emotion.

The form-function mapping construction of S2 is ‘(NP1 [target of emotion]) V-SI NP2 [owner of emotion] LE. ‘死’ marks the excessive impact ON the owner of emotion.

answered Jan 2, 2018 by admin (25,240 points)

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