City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Feb 1 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (28,250 points) | 45 views

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各 gè ‘each’ has a slightly more formal tone. 各 gè ‘each’ only occurs with particular types of nouns, such as communities, countries, institutions, categories, etc. which may also be taken as collective measures:

各国

gè guó

every country

各国人民

gè guó rén mín

people of every country

各部门

gè bù mén

every department

各部门领导

gè bù mén

leadership of every department

各单位

gè dān wèi

every unit

各单位负责人

gè dān wèi fù zé rén

responsible people from every unit

各民族

gè mín zú

every nationality

各族人民

gè zú rén mín

people of all nationalities

各方面

gè fāng miàn

every aspect

各方面意见

gè fāng miàn yì jiàn

all points of view (lit. opinions from every angle)

各 gè is also used frequently with 位wèi to address a group of people or with 人 rén to mean ‘everyone’, ‘each person’:

各位先生,各位女士…

Gè wèi xiān shēng ,gè wèi nǚ shì …

ladies and gentlemen . . .

各人有各人的主张。

Gè rén yǒu gè rén de zhǔ zhāng 。

Everyone holds a different view/advocates a different approach. (lit. Each person has each person’s view/idea.)

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Feb 1 by Ariel (28,250 points)

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1,332 questions
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14 comments
8,470 users