City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Mar 8 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 42 views

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It is possible to combine existence and identification in one sentence. The word order indicates existence since the sentence starts with a location, whereas the verb used is 是. What follows 是can be either indefinite or definite.

我家前面是一条大马路,后面是一个小树林。

wǒ jiā qián miàn shì yī tiáo dà mǎ lù ,hòu miàn shì yī gè xiǎo shù lín 。

(What’s) in front of my house is a big street; (what’s) at the back is a small wooded area.

(一条大马路 and 一个小树林 are indefinite.)

(Situation: Wang is showing her family’s new house to a friend.)

王:这是厨房;厨房左边是我的房间,右边是我爸妈的房间。

wáng :zhè shì chú fáng ;chú fáng zuǒ biān shì wǒ de fáng jiān ,yòu biān shì wǒ bà mā de fáng jiān 。

Wang: This is the kitchen. On the left of the kitchen is my room; on the right is

my parents’ room.

(我的房间 and 我爸妈的房间 are definite.)

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Mar 8 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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