City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Mar 8 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 37 views

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When the relative clause is ‘subject + verb’ and the noun which the relative clause modifies is the object of the verb, an optional 所  can be used before the verb in a more formal style of speech.

老师(所)说的话,你们都懂了吗?

Lǎo shī (suǒ )shuō de huà ,nǐ men dōu dǒng le ma ?

Did you all understand the words (which) the teacher said?

(话 is the object of the verb 说; therefore, an optional 所 can appear before 说.)

人口太多(所)带来的问题,是很不容易解决的。

Rén kǒu tài duō (suǒ )dài lái de wèn tí ,shì hěn bú róng yì jiě jué de 。

The problem (which) excessive population has brought is very diffi cult to solve.

(问题 is the object of the verb 带来; therefore, an optional 所 can appear before 带来.)

When the relative clause is ‘subject + verb + indirect object’, an optional 所 can be used as well.

我(所)告诉你的那个秘密,请你不要告诉别人。

wǒ (suǒ )gào sù nǐ de nà gè mì mì ,qǐng nǐ bú yào gào sù bié rén 。

Please do not tell others the secret I told you.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Mar 8 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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1,454 questions
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13,156 users