City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
0 like 0 dislike
19 views
asked Apr 18 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points)
edited Apr 18 by Ariel | 19 views

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike
A proper noun indicating a place does not need 里 in a sentence with 在. Other nouns indicating a place may or may not need 里 in such a sentence, depending on whether the place has a well-defined boundary or not. (Normally 里 is used when there is a clear boundary.)

他现在在中国学中文。

Tā xiàn zài zài zhōng guó xué zhōng wén 。

He is studying Chinese in China now.

(Incorrect: 他现在在中国里学中文。)

我女儿在北京工作。

Wǒ nǚ ér zài běi jīng gōng zuò 。

My daughter works in Beijing.

(Incorrect: 我女儿在北京里工作。)

我妈妈现在没有工作,她在家(里)给人看孩子。

Wǒ mā mā xiàn zài méi yǒu gōng zuò ,tā zài jiā (lǐ )gěi rén kàn hái zǐ 。

My mother does not have a job now. She babysits for people at home.

妈妈在厨房(里)做饭,爸爸在客厅(里)看电视,弟弟在房间(里)写功课。

Mā mā zài chú fáng (lǐ )zuò fàn ,bà bà zài kè tīng (lǐ )kàn diàn shì ,dì dì zài fáng jiān (lǐ )xiě gōng kè 。

My mother is cooking in the kitchen; my father is watching TV in the living room; my

younger brother is doing homework in the bedroom.

妈妈:爸爸跟弟弟回家了吗?

Mā mā :bà bà gēn dì dì huí jiā le ma ?

Mother: Have your father and younger brother come home?

女儿:没有,爸爸还在办公室,弟弟还在学校呢!

Nǚ ér :méi yǒu ,bà bà hái zài bàn gōng shì ,dì dì hái zài xué xiào ne !

Daughter: No. Father is still at the offi ce, and younger brother is still at school.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Apr 18 by Ariel (34,480 points)

1,435 questions

1,732 answers

21 comments

12,676 users

1,435 questions
1,732 answers
21 comments
12,676 users