City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 18 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 63 views

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It is usually not necessary to have 在 before a time phrase; however, 在 is used when a word such as 要, 想, 会 or 将 precedes the time phrase. 要, 想, 会 or 将 is used to indicate that the event or action will take place in the future.

Note that 于 (yú) can replace 在 in more formal situations.

我下星期五要在法院结婚;我们将在星期六请客。

Wǒ xià xīng qī wǔ yào zài fǎ yuàn jié hūn ;wǒ men jiāng zài xīng qī liù qǐng kè 。

I am getting married next Friday at the court house; we will have a reception on Saturday.

(Because of 将, 在 is used before星期六.)

(Compare: 我们下星期五结婚,星期六请客。)

老师会在明天上课的时候告诉我们下次考试的重点。

Lǎo shī huì zài míng tiān shàng kè de shí hòu gào sù wǒ men xià cì kǎo shì de zhòng diǎn 。

The teacher will tell us the focus of the next test during class time tomorrow.

(Compare: 明天上课的时候,老师会告诉我们下次考试的重点。)

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Apr 18 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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