City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 18 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 24 views

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(a) 用yòng + noun/pronoun (indicating a tool) + verb

中国人用筷子吃饭。

Zhōng guó rén yòng kuài zǐ chī fàn 。

Chinese people eat with chopsticks.

上中文课的时候,老师常常用中文问我们问题。

Shàng zhōng wén kè de shí hòu ,lǎo shī cháng cháng yòng zhōng wén wèn wǒ men wèn tí 。

Our teacher often asks us questions in Chinese during class.

(b) 依yī, 照zhào, 按àn  + noun (indicating a rule/policy/advice) + verb

不按规定办事的人会被处罚。

Bú àn guī dìng bàn shì de rén huì bèi chù fá 。

People who do not handle business according to regulations will be punished.

(c) 靠kào + noun (indicating resources/support) + verb

我们学校每年都有很多靠奖学金来留学的外国学生。

Wǒ men xué xiào měi nián dōu yǒu hěn duō kào jiǎng xué jīn lái liú xué de wài guó xué shēng 。

Every year, there are many foreign students who come to study at our school on

scholarships.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Apr 18 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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1,439 questions
1,736 answers
21 comments
12,833 users