City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 18 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 76 views

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关于guān yú: to bring up a new topic

关于我们上次讨论的那件事,我已经做了决定了。

Guān yú wǒ men shàng cì tǎo lùn de nà jiàn shì ,wǒ yǐ jīng zuò le jué dìng le 。

Regarding the matter we discussed last time, I have already made a decision.

• 至于zhì yú: to bring up another topic (that already exists in context)

你说的那两件事,第一件,我赞成;至于第二件,我还要考虑一下。

Nǐ shuō de nà liǎng jiàn shì ,dì yī jiàn ,wǒ zàn chéng ;zhì yú dì èr jiàn ,wǒ hái yào kǎo lǜ yī xià 。

About those two matters you mentioned, I support the fi rst one; as to the second, I still need to think about it.

• 由于yóu yú: to introduce a reason

Since 由于 is similar in meaning and usage to 因为, it can be followed by a complete sentence.

In this case, it functions as a conjunction, not a preposition.

由于各种因素,原来的计划取消了。(由于 is a preposition.)

Yóu yú gè zhǒng yīn sù ,yuán lái de jì huá qǔ xiāo le 。

Due to all kinds of factors, the original plan has been cancelled.

由于老师病了,因此我们今天没有上课。(由于 and 因此 are a conjunctive pair.)

Yóu yú lǎo shī bìng le ,yīn cǐ wǒ men jīn tiān méi yǒu shàng kè 。

Because the teacher was sick, we didn’t have class today.

[1] Yip, P. C., Rimmington, D., Xiaoming, Z., & Henson, R. (2009). Basic Chinese: a grammar and workbook. Taylor & Francis.
answered Apr 18 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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