City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 26, 2021 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 39 views

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From the functional point of view, a Chinese sentence is usually composed of topic and comment. The former, placed in the initial position and definite in reference, serves to set up a starting point or to initiate a discourse; the latter, the rest of the sentence as a whole, proceeds to give “new” information about the former. This feature predominantly manifests itself in three types of sentences typical of the Chinese language, namely, 1) Nominal Predicate Construction; 2) S-P predicate Construction; 3) Existential Construction.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Apr 26, 2021 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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