City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 26 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 61 views

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In a sentence that has a direct object, the typical semantic role of the subject is that of the agentive participant—normally a human who volitionally or intentionally conducts the action denoted by the verb:

1. 学生们在打扫教室。

Xuésheng men zài dǎsǎo jiàoshì.

(The students are cleaning the classroom.)

In sentence (1), the subject 学生们‘xuésheng men’ (students) has the semantic role of Agent.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Apr 26 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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