City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 27 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 21 views

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The most typical semantic role of the indirect object is that of the recipient participant, namely, the referent of the indirect object (Oi), most often an animate being, is passively implicated in the event named by the verb.

1a. 丽莎给小猫找到了一个新主人。

Lì shā gěi xiǎomāo zhǎodào le yī gè xīn zhǔrén.

(Lisa found a new host for the little cat.)

1b. 我给弟弟买了一本新字典。

Wǒ gěi dìdi mǎi le yī běn xīn zìdiǎn.

(I bought a new dictionary for my younger brother.)

The indirect objects 小猫‘xiǎomāo’ (the little cat) and 弟弟‘dìdi’ (the younger brother) both have the semantic role of Recipient.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Apr 27 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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