City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 27 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 22 views

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The direct object may have a locative semantic role with such verbs as 去‘qù’ (go), 过‘guò’ (cross), 经过‘jīngguò’ (pass), 占领‘zhànlǐng’ (occupy), etc.:

a.他们去电影院了。

Tāmen qù diànyǐngyuàn.

(They went to the cinema.)

b. 孩子们脱掉鞋袜,涉水过河。

Háizimen tuōdiào xié wàshèshuǐ guò hé.

(The children took off their shoes and socks, and waded across the river.)

c.在路上,他经过了一家钟表店。

Zài lùshang, tā jīngguò le yījiā zhōngbiǎodiàn.

(On the way, he passed a clock store.)

d. 日寇占领了南京。

Rìkòu zhànlǐng le Nánjīng.

(The Japanese invaders occupied Nanjing.)

All the direct objects in the above sentences 电影院‘diànyǐngyuàn’ (the cinema), 河‘hé’ (river), 钟表店‘zhōngbiǎodiàn’ (clock and watch store), ‘Nánjīng’ (Nanking) have the semantic role of locality.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Apr 27 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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