City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
1 like 0 dislike
392 views
what are the functions of yī diǎn (一點) and yī xià (一下) in imperative sentences?
asked Jan 17, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (25,520 points)
edited Jan 22, 2018 by admin | 392 views

1 Answer

0 like 0 dislike

The directness of the imperative can be softened by adding a phrase like 一點 (y¯ıdi˘an/ a little bit) or  一下 (y¯ıxi`a/ once) at the end of a sentence.

→ 快一點 (ku`ai y¯ıdi˘an/ A bit quicker.)

An imperative command can also be softened by adding a verbal element like 請 (q˘ıng/ to invite) or 麻煩 (m´af´an/ to trouble) at the beginning of a sentence.

→ 請過來 (q˘ıng gu`o l´ai/ Please come.)

→ 麻煩過來一下 (m´af´an gu`o l´ai y¯ı-xi`a/ Could you come over once?)

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Jan 17, 2018 by admin (25,520 points)
edited Apr 25, 2018 by admin

1,616 questions

1,882 answers

207 comments

15,645 users

1,616 questions
1,882 answers
207 comments
15,645 users