City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Apr 29 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 72 views

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The semantic relation of ‘source’, expressed by the prepositions 由/从+NPloc ‘yóu/cóng +NPloc’ (from…), often involves position and direction:

1. 他从家向山下的学校走去。

Tā cóng jiā xiàng shān xià de xuéxiào zǒuqù.

(He walked toward the school down the hill from his home.)

In (1) the prepositional phrase 从家‘cóng jiā’ (from home) denotes the notion of source or the point of departure of the action of 走‘zǒu’ (walking), the semantic relation of direction involves position: ‘on the hill’, and direction: towards the bottom of the hill.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Apr 29 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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