City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Jun 18 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 35 views

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No.

Adjectives which suggest a result in their semantics cannot be used as manner adverbials, rather, they must appear after the verb as a complement. Examples of such adjectives are: ‘gānjìng’ (clean), ‘nuǎnhuó’(warm), ‘wánměi’ (perfect), ‘yánzhòng’ (grave, serious). Besides, there are some monosyllabic adjectives that are normally used as complements. They are ‘féi’ (fat, wide), ‘shòu’ (thin, narrow), ‘xián’ (salty), ‘dàn’ (light, bland), ‘cháng’ (long), ‘duǎn’ (short), ‘guān’ (wide), ‘zhǎi’ (narrow), etc.

1a. *她干净地打扫屋子。

*Tā gānjìng de dǎsǎo wūzi.

(*She cleanly swept the room.

1a’ 她把屋子打扫得{很干净}。

Tā bǎ wūzi dǎsǎo de gānganjìngjing.

(She cleaned the room neatly and tidily.)

1b. *她暖暖和和地烧屋子。

*Tā nuǎnhuǎnhuóhuo de shāo wūzi.

(*She warmly heated the room.)

1b’ 她把屋子烧得 {暖暖和和的}。

Tā bǎ wūzi shān de nuǎnnuanhuóhuo de

(She heated the room and as a result the room became very warm.)

1b’’ *赵先生完美地修车子。

*Zhào xiānsheng wánměi de xiū chezi.

(*Mr. Zhao perfectly fixed the car.)

1c’ 赵先生把车子修得 {很完美}。

Zhào xiānsheng bǎ chēzi xiū de hěn wánměi.

(Mr. Zhao fixed the car perfectly.)

[…in such a way and to such an extent that the car became perfect.]

1d. * 士兵们严重地伤了他。

* Shìbīngmen yánzhòng de shāng le tā.

(The soldiers seriously wounded him.)

1d’ 士兵们把他伤得 {很严重}。

Shìbīngmen bǎ tā shāng de hěn yánzhòng.

(The soldiers wounded him badly.)

[…in such a way and to such an extent that he was in a bad condition.]

1e. 这件衣服做 {肥/瘦/长/短/大/小}了。

Zhe jiàn yīfu zuò féi/shòu/cháng/duǎn/dà/xiǎo le.

(This piece of clothing was made too wide/narrow/long/short/big/small.)

1f. 这个菜炒{咸/淡}了。

Zhe gè cài chǎo xián/dàn le.

(The dish was cooked too salty/bland.)

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.

answered Jun 18 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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1,454 questions
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13,133 users