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How to use the reflexive pronoun z`ıj˘ı (自己) in sentences?

asked Jan 24, 2018 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by admin (23,690 points)

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The Chinese reflexive pronoun z`ıj˘ı (自己) normally requires its antecedent to exist within the sentence in which it occurs. 

自己 can occur alone representing the entire NP.

→ 她打自己 (t¯a d˘a z`ıj˘/ She hit herself.)

It can take up a modifier position in front of a noun as well.

→ 她打自己腦袋 (t¯a d˘a z`ıj˘ı n˘ao-d`ai/ She hit her own head).

It is worth noting that 自己 can also occur immediately after a regular pronoun for emphasis. 

→ 她自己打自己 (t¯a z`ıj˘ı d˘a z`ıj˘/ She hit herself.)

→ 她打她自己 (t¯a d˘a t¯a z`ıj˘/ She hit herself.)

Reference: Chinese: a linguistic introduction by Chao Fen Sun

answered Jan 24, 2018 by admin (23,690 points)
edited Apr 25, 2018 by admin
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