City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Jun 20 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 19 views

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‘X zài Y duìmiàn’ (X is opposite (to) Y) (e.g., Tíngchēchǎng zài shǐguǎn dàlóu duìmiàn.) (The parking lot is opposite the building of the embassy.): The compound position noun ‘Y duìmiàn’ (opposite Y) refers to the space projected outward from the front of the reference object, and the located object is situated facing or almost facing the reference object, so that the greater part of the space is between the two objects.

1a. 我的卧室对面是洗澡间。

Wǒ de wòshì duìmiàn shì xǐzǎojiān.

(Opposite my bedroom is a bathroom.)

1b. 对面是北京大学。

Duìmiàn shì Běijīng Dàxué.

(Opposite (to us) is Beijing University.)

In (1a), the two rooms are so situated that they face each other. In (1b), ‘duìmiàn’ (opposite) is located from the standpoint of the speaker.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Jun 20 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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