City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Jun 20 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,470 points) | 25 views

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Yes.

The locative ‘zài’ sentence can also be expanded to specify the existence state of the located object, the pattern is: ‘Located object + zài + NPloc (Reference object) + V-zhe’. For instance:

1a. 那些书在地板上堆着。

Nàxiē shū zài dìbǎn shàng duī zhe.

(Those books were piling up on the floor.)

1b. 爷爷在河边坐着。

Yéye zài hébiān zuò zhe.

(The grandfather was sitting at the riverside.)

1c. 送来的水果在桌子上放着。

Sòng lái de shuǐguǒ zài zhuōzi shàng fàngzhe.

(The fruit that was delivered here was placed on the table.)

Such sentences, as they give more information about the existence state of the located object, are mainly used for description.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.

answered Jun 20 by Ariel (34,470 points)

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