City University of Hong Kong CLASS CLASS
Making Sense of Grammar
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asked Jun 20, 2021 in Questions about Chinese Grammar by Ariel (34,480 points) | 75 views

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Achievement verbs describe punctual situations that take place at a specific point in time. Like Accomplishments, they have a well-defined terminal or endpoint, but they are peculiar in that the initial phase of the action that leads up to the goal or conclusion is minimal or nil, so the initial point overlaps with the endpoint. Examples are ‘sǐ’ (die), ‘dào’ (arrive), ‘yíng’ (win), ‘duàn’ (break), etc. For example, the action of dying happens instantaneously, so the initial point of the action coincides with the endpoint. When an action named by an Achievement verb takes place, a result ensues.

[1] Loar, J. K. (2011). Chinese syntactic grammar: functional and conceptual principles. New York: Peter Lang.
answered Jun 20, 2021 by Ariel (34,480 points)

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